While searching for a track for the 72-hour challenge, I made a quick research on music copyright. One of the sources was the UK Copyright and Related Rights Regulations 2003 which states:
Duration of protection
Regulation 29 amends section 13A of the 1988 Act to take account of the new definition of “communication to the public” so that the copyright in sound recordings expires:
- at the end of the period of fifty years from the end of the calendar year in which the recording is made, or
- if during that period the recording is published, fifty years from the end of the calendar year in which it is first published, or
- if during that period the recording is not published but is made available to the public by being played in public or communicated to the public, fifty years from the end of the calendar year in which it is first so made available,
without considering any unauthorized acts.
Another interesting finding was a List of films in the public domain in the United States.
Copyright is a concept which is not easy to understand. It deals with authorship and the right of the author and/or other people to use, publish and sell media objects. It has a separate interpretation for each type of media – for example, music – composition, lyrics and artist, recording and distributing, remixing and remakes; films – story, screenplay, script; there is a different interpretation for photographs, paintings etc. There are exlusive and non-exclusive versions, rights to copy, distribute, licenses,… And – there are different expiration periods for each type of media object, for each country.
I hope we have somewhere in our course a session about copyright to use as a starting point; otherwise, I need to make a much deeper research to even begin to understand and apply all the rules in legislation.